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Illustration of people of all different sizes and gender with DNA behind them.

Personalized Medicine: Matching Treatments to Your Genes

You’re one of a kind. Wouldn’t it be nice if treatments and preventive care could be designed just for you, matched to your unique set of genes?

Cartoon of battling bacteria that look like pirates and seafaring adventurers.

Your Microbes and You: The Good, Bad, and Ugly

Trillions of microscopic creatures—like bacteria, fungi and viruses—are living in and on your body right now. We tend to focus on destroying bad microbes. But taking care of good ones may be even more important.

Cartoon of several proteins with different shapes.

Biological Blueprints: Protein Shapes Help Treat Disease

Each protein in our body is uniquely designed to carry out its tasks. If we can understand how protein shapes affect what they do, we might be able to understand what goes wrong in some diseases and develop better treatments.

Recommended NIH Resources

All About the Human Genome Project
(National Human Genome Research Institute)
Introduction to the Human Genome Project, published by the National Human Genome Research Institute. This brief overview is aimed at students, teachers and other non-scientists.

Genetic Testing
(National Human Genome Research Institute)
The term "genetic testing" covers an array of techniques including analysis of human DNA, RNA or protein. Genetic tests are used as a health care tool to detect gene variants associated with a specific disease or condition, as well as for non-clinical uses such as paternity testing and forensics.

Genetics Basics: The New Genetics
(National Institute of General Medical Sciences)
This science education booklet explains the role of genes in health and disease, the basics of DNA and its molecular cousin RNA, and new directions in genetic research.

Precision Medicine Initiative
(Office of the Director)
Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Information on the new-term and longer-term goals, who will participate, and more.

Studying Genes
(National Institute of General Medical Sciences)
Genes are sections of DNA that contain instructions for making the molecules—many of which are proteins—that perform the body’s functions. Genes are passed from one generation to the next. An easy-to-read Q and A on genes, genomes, genetics risk, genetic research and more.

 

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