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Illustration of ways to prevent or delay diabetes.

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes: Steps Toward a Healthier Life

Diabetes raises your risk for heart disease, blindness, amputations, and other serious issues. But the most common type of diabetes, called type 2 diabetes, can be prevented or delayed if you know what steps to take.

Illustration of a high-fiber cereal, wild rice, whole-wheat pasta and nuts.

Counting Carbs? Understanding Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load

The terms glycemic index and glycemic load are related to carbohydrates, a main type of nutrient in our diets. Learn more about complex carbs.

Illustration of a man ready to eat a giant sandwich stacked full of fruits and vegetables

Digging a Vegetarian Diet: Plant-Based Eating Can Reap Rewards

Vegetarian meals focus on fruits and vegetables, dried beans, whole grains, seeds and nuts. Vegetarian diets tend to have fewer calories, lower levels of saturated fat and cholesterol, and more fiber, potassium and vitamin C than other eating patterns.

Recommended NIH Resources

(National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
Educational materials to increase knowledge and understanding about diabetes among patients, health care professionals, and the general public. Includes health information, statistics, research, patient organizations, and more.

Diabetes HealthSense
(National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
Diabetes HealthSense provides easy access to resources to help you live well and meet your goals—whether you have diabetes or are at risk for the disease.

Diabetic Eye Disease
(National Eye Institute)
Information on diabetic eye disease, including facts about diabetic retinopathy.

NIHSeniorHealth: Diabetes
(National Institute on Aging)
Reliable, easy-to-understand health information on diabetes from, a Web site for older adults. Browse information on risk factors, prevention, signs and diagnosis, diet and exercise, medications, diabetes ABCs, daily management, FAQs, and more.

Diabetes and Oral Health
(National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research)
Information for patients and health care professionals on how diabetes can cause problems in the mouth. Includes tips to keep the mouth healthy and prevent complications.


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